The National Integrity System (NIS) is the sum of all institutional structures (pillars), legal frameworks, and systematic processes to address governance deficits,corruption and dysfunctional aspects of public institutions and watchdog bodies.Since its articulation, the NIS concept has been used as a basis for qualitatively assessing the vulnerabilities of a given country to corruption and institutional effectiveness in addressing corruption.
Agriculture was once the basis of the socio-economic structure of Bangladesh, but in the last forty years the rain-fed agricultural subsystem has undergone transformation. In recent decades, irrigation and the introduction of High Yielding Variety (HYV) rice has worked to make Boro the highest-producing rice season – transforming Bangladesh from the “basket case” of the seventies into an economy that is self-sufficient in food.
This book provides an analysis of some of the key experiences and issues in the multidimensional process of development of Bangladesh. The three parts of the book: (i) economic growth: aggregate and sectoral; (ii) unemployment, underemployment, and labour market; and (iii) poverty, empowerment, and social change cover a wide range of themes.
Governance at Crossroads: Insights from Bangladesh, strives to bridge the gap between assumptions of western theories and shortcomings of local practices. The book is an outcome of an International Conference on 40 Years of Bangladesh: Retrospect and Future Prospects held in Dhaka on 26-28 November, 2011. It was organised by the Insitute of Governance Studies (IGS) (Now BIGD), BRAC University, in collaboration with the Center for Development Studies (CDS), University of Bath, UK to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Independence of Bangladesh.
The Parliament is one of the least researched political institutions in the country. Unlike other parliaments which routinely compile and publish information on different types of activities of parliamentarians, the Bangladesh Parliament remains seriously deficient; it does not appear to be much aware of the practices followed in other parliaments. Nor does there exist many scholarly works on the working of Parliament in Bangladesh.
This book comprises a selection of studies from the research team of the Extreme Poverty programme (EEP-Shiree), sponsored by GOB-DFID during 2008-16. Its core premise is that extreme poverty is significantly different as a socio-economic, political and cultural experience from being moderately poor in the society. This categorical distinction is centred around the principle of social isolation and exclusion from supportive networks of kin and social capital within communities, often reinforced by the prominence of female headed or managed extreme poor households.
Bangladesh can duly boast of the status of “Development Puzzle”. The country sustained economic growth averaging 6.7 percent per annum over the last decade; also displayed remarkable advancement in social indicators such as reduction in incidence of poverty, infant and maternal mortality, fertility, food insecurity etc. In driving such socio-economic development in Bangladesh over the last forty years or so, BRAC has played a pivotal role in supporting government initiatives as well as pursuing programmes of its own domain.
Volume II contains Swadesh Bose’s classic works on the consequences to Bangladesh of the Government of Pakistan that favored industrial development of West Pakistan at the expense of East Pakistan. Other subjects are the challenges to agriculture and poverty reduction in Bangladesh, monetary policy in post-liberation Bangladesh, the role of industrial policy and much more.
How have the Muslims of Bengal developed an identity historically separate from that of the Hindus, and even from the rest of the Muslims of India, evidenced in their life styles and their pattern of development? The book focuses attention on the status and development of the Muslims of India, evidenced in their life styles and their pattern of development?